Podiatry or foot and ankle specialist surgery is an orthopedic field that involves the diagnosis, treatment, and rehabilitation of conditions of the lower extremities, the foot, and ankle. It also treats fractures, sports injuries, orthopedic emergencies, fractures, sprains, strains, muscle injuries, infections, skin diseases, rheumatoid arthritis, knee osteoarthritis, and gout. It is one of the fastest-growing fields in the Culver City CA
Podiatrists are certified by the American Board of Podiatric Medical Specialists (ABPS) and are medically trained and licensed to practice within their respective states. A physician who practices within this specialty has completed a bachelor’s degree, two years of medical experience, two years of residency in foot and ankle care, and one year of fellowship under the supervision of an ABPS-certified doctor. The ABPS-certified physician must be an orthopedic surgeon by training and must have at least five years of experience performing foot and ankle surgeries, and must be board certified.
Podiatric surgery is usually done under general anesthesia. The procedure may include surgery to remove broken or deformed toes, removal of bones or joint tissue to correct conditions such as tennis elbow or bursitis, or to treat a disorder of the bone or joint. There are some medications that may be used during surgery such as cortisone or glucocorticosteroids. The patient will usually remain on these medications for the rest of his or her life after surgery to help prevent infection, nerve damage, blood clots, or kidney failure from occurring.
Patients who undergo foot and ankle surgery usually are advised to stay off their feet for one or two days after the surgery. In most cases, the patients return to their normal activities one or two weeks after the surgery. However, if the symptoms do not improve within a week of the surgery, the patients can be referred to a foot and ankle specialist for further evaluation.
One of the most common reasons podiatrists performs foot and ankle procedures is when a patient has injured the plantar fascia tendon. If a patient is experiencing pain while walking or standing, the podiatrist will firstly assess the condition of the plantar fascia tendon. to determine whether it is injured.
After the diagnosis is made, the podiatrist will take x-rays of the plantar fascia to make sure that it is in good condition. Then, a splint is placed around the plantar fascia to help reduce friction in the area. to reduce swelling. It is also recommended that a physiotherapist be contacted to help with stretching exercises for the plantar fascia muscles.
Patients are advised to increase their walking or normal foot movements one to three times daily. If any pain or discomfort occurs, they should contact a podiatrist. Foot splints are also used to help the patients to walk and use their toes on soft surfaces without causing pain.
Another common reason to have an x-ray performed for foot pain and/or ankle pain is to look for signs of bone fractures or abnormal bone growths in the foot. This may occur during a sports injury or accident, for example, during high impact exercises such as running. It is important to have an x-ray on the ankle before playing sports that cause stress to the ankle or if a child accidentally slips or falls. in order to prevent future injury.
To diagnose foot pain and/or ankle pain, the podiatrist will use x-rays of the other foot(s) as well. The podiatrist will take a detailed history and physical examination of the foot(s). If there is pain or discomfort, or if there are any unusual lumps or bumps, they will send for a diagnostic test to the radiologist for a complete diagnosis. of the problem.
Pain relievers, anti-inflammatory medicines, and pain killers are given to the pain and swelling in order to relieve any inflammation. If the symptoms persist, it may be necessary to get a second opinion from another podiatrist. Some people report that ice packs and heat pads are helpful in reducing the pain. Some patients who have suffered from foot problems, such as plantar fasciitis and corns, may need surgical treatment.
Orthotics shoes are also prescribed to help the person wearing them walk better. They are specially made to fit the foot so that they are supportive and also allow for proper arch support.